resources , energy and industry

Question Answer
Minerals are homogenous, naturally occurring
substance with a definable internal structure. Hardest
mineral is diamond and softest mineral is talc. What is
the economically explorable minerals as extracted from
Earth when mixed with other elements?
Bauxite ores are found as residual mass of weathered
material found in rocks. Placer deposits of gold,
silver, platinum, etc are found in alluvial deposits in
sand of valley floor and base of hills. Which mineral is
found predominantly in ocean beds?
Manganese Nodules
Open-pit mining is used for coal extraction, heavy
metals are explored by loads and tunnel mining, natural
oil and gas are extracted by digging wells. Where
is rathole mining activities are found?
North-Eastern India (Meghalaya)
Peninsular rocks contain most of the reserves of
coal, metallic minerals, mica and other non-metallic
minerals, sedimentaryrocks of western and eastern
flanks of peninsula (Gujarat and Asom) has petroleum
deposits. Where is the largest reserve natural
Krishna-Godavari Basin
Rajasthan has reserves of non-ferrous minerals,
coastal sand of Kerala has deposits of thorium places.
Hydrocarbons are found in Himalayan belt. Which
region in India is devoid of any mineral resources?
North Indian Plain
Ferrous minerals are iron, chromite, manganese
and nickel, etc, and account for about three-fourth of
the total value of the production of metallic minerals.
It provides a strong base for development of metallurgical
industries. Which type of : minera
Non-ferrous Minerals
Mica, asbestos, etc, are non-metallic minerals,
petroleum, coal, natural gas and nuclear minerals are
mineral fuels and gypsum, phosphate and pyrites are
fertilizer minerals. Which type of minerals are chromite,
magnesite and graphite, etc, are?
Refractory Minerals
India is abundance with iron ore and rich is good
quality iron ores. Magnetite is the finest iron-ore having
iron concentration upto 70% and used extensively in electrical
industries. Haematite is the second finish iron ore
having iron content (50-60%
Odisha became the leading producer of minerals
in the country followed by Andhra Pradesh and
Gujarat, Chhattishgarh and Jharkhand.
Where the
largest proportion of minerals are found?
Chhota Nagpur belt contains 100% reserve of
1kyanite, 93% iron ore, 84% coal, 70% chromite, 70%
mica and is the most resource rich region.
Western belt
of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra is famous for
Non-ferrous Metals
Among the states, Karnataka has the largest reserves
of iron ore followed by Odisha which is the largest
iron ore producer. India has the largest iron ore reserves
in Asia. The Bailadila mine under the National Mineral
Development Corporation is the l
Manganese is mainly used in manufacturing of steel
and ferro-manganese alloy and also used in manufacturing
bleaching powder, insecticides and paints.
Which is the largest producer of manganese?
India’s bauxite deposits are mainly in Amarkantak
plateau, Maikal hills and Bilaspur-Katni region of
Chhattishgarh. Which state is the largest bauxite producing
state in India?
Durg-Bastar Chandrapur belt provides iron ore to
export to Japan and South Korea viaVishakhapatnam
port Kudremukh mines located in Western Ghats. It is a
100% export unit exports through Mangalore port.
Ratnagiri in Maharashtra has very high quality
Marmagao Port
India is deficient in the reserve of copper. Copper
is mainly used in electrical cables, electronics.
Balaghat mines on Madhya Pradesh produces highest
India’s copper. Other mines are Singhbhum of
Jharkhand and Khetri in Rajasthan. Which state has
Bauxite is the major source of alumina, which later
converts to alluminium.
Bauxite are formed by the decomposition
of rocks rich in alluminium silicates. It is
used in mettallurgy, . aeronautics and electricity appliances.
Which rock is associated with bauxite ores?
Lateritic Rocks of Tertiary Period
Chromite metal has mixture of iron and chromium.
Chitradurga and Hassan in Karnataka, Ratnagiri and
Bhandara in Maharashtra and Singhbhum in
Jharkhand. India is the third largest chromite producing
country of the world. Which state has the largest
Iron (Metallic Mineral) Kemmangundi, Sandur and Hospet
(Karnataka) Barbil-Koira (Odisha),
Bailadila and Dalli-Rajhara
(Chhattisgarh), North Goa (Mines)
Manganese (Metallic Mineral) Karnataka, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh,
Maharashtra. (Mines)
Chromite (Metallic Mineral) Odisha, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra
and Andhra Pradesh (Mines)
Copper(Metallic Mineral) Malanjkhand Belt (Balaghat, Madhya
Pradesh), Khetri-Singhana Belt (Jhunjhun)
Singhbhum (jharkhand) (Mines)
Bauxite(Metallic Mineral) Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand,
Maharashtra Chhattisgarh (Mines)
Gold(Metallic Mineral) Kolar and Hutti (Karnataka) Ramgiri in
Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh) (Mines)
Limestone(Non-Metallic Mineral) Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan) Madhya
Pradesh, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh. (Mines)
Dolomite (Non-Metallic Mineral) Madhya Pradesh, Chhattishgarh, Odisha,
Gujarat Karnataka, West Bengal(Mines)
Asbestos (Non-Metallic Mineral) Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka(Mines)
Gypsum (Non-Metallic Mineral) Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir(Mines)
Graphite (Non-Metallic Mineral) Kalahandi, Bolangir (Odisha) and
Bhagalpur (Bihar) (Mines)
India is the largest producer of mic? iri the world.
Muscovite and biotite are ores of mica.
in Bihar, Nellore and Khamam in Andhra Pradesh and
Udaipur and Bhilwara of Rajasthan are major mica regions.
Which state is the largest producer of mica?
Diamond is the purest form of carbon and hardest
element on Earth. Uranium in India are found in rocks of Dharwar and Archean series and is a nuclear material. Recently one of the
biggest uranium reserve of the world is found in Andhra Pradesh, name it.
Gypsum is found in sedimentary rocks and used
in production of fertilizer and Rajasthan is the largest
India posses largest deposits of thorium
reserve the world. It is extracted from monazite sands
which are formed by disintegration of pre-apambrian
rocks. Where monazite sand is found in India?
Kerala Coast
Coal is called black gold and . Gondwana coal
is mature whereas tertiary coal is young. India ranks
third in the world . Jharkhand has the largest reserve of coal.
Which state leads in production?
Digboi(Refinery) Asom(State)
Trombay (Refinery) Maharashtra(State)
Vishakhapatnam(Refinery) Andhra Pradesh(State)
Noonmati (Refinery) Asom(State)
Barauni (Refinery) Bihar(State)
Koyali (Refinery) Gujarat(State)
Haldia (Refinery) Gujarat(State)
Bongaigaon(Refinery) Asom(State)
Mathura (Refinery) Uttar Pradesh(State)
Narnaligarh (Refinery) Asom(State)
Jamnagar(Refinery) Gujarat(State)
Panipat (Refinery) Haryana(State)
Mangalore (Refinery) Karnataka(State)
Tatipaka (Refinery) Andhra Pradesh(State)
Nagapattinam(Refinery) Tamil Nadu(State)
Uranium(Atomic Mineral Mine) Jadugoda (Jharkhand), Caya (Bihar),
Saharanpur (Uttar Pradesh)
Thorium (Atomic Mineral Mine) Kerala, Jharkhand, Bihar, Tamil
Nadu and Rajasthan
Zirconium(Atomic Mineral Mine) Kerala coast and alluvial rocks of
Ranchi and Hazanbagh
Beryllium(Atomic Mineral Mine) Nellore (Andhra Pradesh), Sikkim,
Lignite is called brown coal and is the lower grade
coal found in Rajasthan, Neyveli of Tamil
Nadu. Peat is the first stage of coal formation having
less carbon content. Coal is a weight lose material.
Where Anthracite coal is found in India?
Petroleum is found mostly offshore and recently
in Sarasvati and Rajeswari onshore field in Barmer
district of Rajasthan.
Jawaharlal Nehru called Ankleswar oilfield the fountain
of prosperity. Which is called liquid gold?
Natural gas is an important clean energy and
mostly used in power and fertilizer industry. . Krishna-
Godavari basin now discovered with largest reserve
of gas. Which state is the largest production of gas?
Thermal energy and Hydel energy are major
conventional sources of energy Solar and wind energy, etc, are also
called renewable or replenishable energy. Which type
of energy is the largest consumption in India?
Thermal Energy (Conventional)
Thermal energy is produced with the help of coal,
petroleum, and natural gas and contribute about 65% of
total electricity produced in the country. Name the state which
has largest installed capacity and generation capacity.
Ultra Mega Power Plants (UMPPs) are initiated by
central government with capacity of 4000 MW or more
through special purpose vehicles scheme.
Name the UMPP awarded to Tata Company in Gujarat?
. Asia’s first solar pond is located in Bhuj, Gujarat
and Tirupati temple has the largest solar cooker in the
Now, where in Gujarat a 2000 ha solar park is set-up
that is world’s largest photovoltaic power station?
Charanka Village (Patan)
First hydro power stationin India is Sivasamudram
in Karnataka.
Himalayan rivers has higher potential of hydroelectric
generation than peninsular rivers. Himalaya
states and North-Eastern states solely depend on hydro-
electricity. Which is the largest source of electricity in Sikkim?
Punjab(State) Bhatinda(thermal Plant)
Delhi(State) Indraprastha(thermal Plant)
Rajasthan(State) Kota(thermal Plant)
UttarPradesh (State) Obra, Singrauli(thermal Plant)
Gujarat (State) Ukai(thermal Plant)
Chhattiihgarh (State) Korba, Bhillai(thermal Plant)
Maharashtra(State) Uran, Chandrapur, Dabhol(thermal Plant)
Andhra Pradesh(State) Ramagudarri, Vijayawada(thermal Plant)
TamilNadu(State) Ennore, Tuticorin, Neyveli(thermal Plant)
Bihar (State) Barauni (gas) (thermal Plant)
Jharkhand (State) Bokaro(thermal Plant)
Odisha (State) Talcher, Rourkela(thermal Plant)
West Bengal (State) Titagarh, Durgapur(thermal Plant)
Assam(State) Namrup, Bongaigaon(thermal Plant)
Jammu-Kashmir (State) Pampore(thermal Plant)
Tripura (State) Rokhia(thermal Plant)
In 1992, ONES was converted into Ministry of
Non-conventional Energy Sources. When it was renamed
as Ministry of New and Renewable Energy?
Wind energy is a viable renewable energy source
in coastal areas of Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil
Nadu. Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET),
founded at Chennai . Which
state is the largest producer of Wind energy?
Tamil Nadu
Geothermal energy is produced at Tatapani and
Suruguja in Chhattisgarh, Puga in Ladakh, Jammu-
Kashmir. Geothermal energy is explored by using
Earth’s internal heat energy. In which region in
Himachal Pradesh, geothermal energy is explored?
Manikaran (Kullu)
First wind farm was installed in Tamil Nadu
followed by
Maharashtra and Gujarat. Largest wind energy power
plant has been established in Muppandal Perungudi
near Kanyakumari. Which state has maximum potential
for installation of wind energy?
Tarapur(Power Station) Maharashtra ( State)
Rawatbhatta(Power Station) Raiasthan ( State)
Kalpakkam (Power Station) Tamil Nadu ( State)
Narora (Power Station) Uttar Pradesh ( State)
Kakrapara (Power Station) Gujarat ( State)
Kaiga (Power Station) Karnataka ( State)
Kudankulam (Power Station) Tamil Nadu ( State)
Banswara (Power Station) Rajasthan ( State)
Nuclear power contributes to little over 3% of total
power generation in India. Nuclear power generated using
uranium and thorium. Atomic Energy Institute at Trombay
was set-up in 1954 and then renamed as
Bhabha Atomic
Research Centre (BARC) in 1967.
The plants normally
set-up near water sources because a great quantity
of water is used for cooling purpose, Where the first
heavy water plant was set-up in India?
Nangal (1962)
Now Industry sector shares about 28% of GDP
and provides 22% of employment. First
industrialisation in India was started with cotton textiles
industry in Bombay in 1854. Where is the first
jute textile industry was established?
Rishra, Kolkata (1853)
India’s first paper mill was started at Ballygunj
near Kolkata and steel was first manufactured by
West Bengal . The
Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) started
Jamshedpur . Which Five Year Plan first promote
industrialisation in India?
Small and medium scale industries
contributes about 40% of total exports in the country.
In which sector, SMEs are flourished in India?
Manufacturing Sector
First cotton textilemile was set-up at Mumbai,
first woollen textile mill was set-up in Kanpur. . Which state has
largest woolen industry?
India is the largest producer and second largest
exporter of jute after Bangladesh. Most of the jute
industries are located along the bank of Hughly river.
When National Jute Policy was formulated?
Punjab has largest woollen textile ,India has well developed
silk industry because of availability of all five commercially
viable sillks. Which state in silk production?
India though ranks sixth in production of crude
steel but is the largest producer of spong iron. Which
region in India has maximum concentration of iron and
steel industries?
Chhota Nagpur Plateau
First iron and steel unit on modern line was established
in 1830 at Porto Novo in Tamil Nadu. What are the raw materials for steel industry?
Iron ore, Coking Coal, Limestone and Manganese
Raurkela Steel Plant in Odisha was built-up with
cooperation of Germany Steel Plant in Bhilai,
Chhattishgarh and Bokaro, Jharkhand were established
with cooperation of USSR. Which country help India
in building up steel plant at Durgapur, West Bengal?
United Kingdom
Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) was established at
Bhopal during Second Five Year Plan. Which plan
constitute Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)?
Fifth Five Year Plan
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (Industries in Transportation Sector) West Bengal(Institute Place)
Diesel Locomotive Works (Industries in Transportation Sector) Varanasi(Institute Place)
Tata Engineering and Locomotive Works(Industries in Transportation Sector) Jamshedpur(Institute Place)
Integral Coach Factory (Industries in Transportation Sector) Perambur, Chennai(Institute Place)
Rail Coach Factory(Industries in Transportation Sector) Kapurthala(Institute Place)
Bharat Earth Movers (Industries in Transportation Sector) Bengaluru(Institute Place)
A New Coach Factory (Industries in Transportation Sector) Roe Bareilfy(Institute Place)
Wheel and Axle Plant (Industries in Transportation Sector) Bengaluru and
Chhapra(Institute Place)
Hindustan Shipyard Limited(Industries in Transportation Sector) Vishakhapatnam(Institute Place)
Cochin Shipyard Limited (Industries in Transportation Sector) Cochin(Institute Place)
Garden Reach Ship Building and Engineers Limited (Industries in Transportation Sector) Kolkata(Institute Place)
Mazagaon Dock (Industries in Transportation Sector) Mumbai(Institute Place)
Goa Shipyard Limited (Industries in Transportation Sector) Vasco-de-Gama(Institute Place)
ABG Shipyard (Industries in Transportation Sector) Magdalla, Dahej(Institute Place)
Bharati Shipyard(Industries in Transportation Sector) Ratnagiri(Institute Place)
Defence Vehicle (Industries in Transportation Sector) (Shaktiman truck Jabalpur
and Nissan jeep) (Institute Place)
Bajaj Tempo(Industries in Transportation Sector) Pane(Institute Place)
Hindustan Motors (Industries in Transportation Sector) Kolkata(Institute Place)
Ashok Leyland Motors (Industries in Transportation Sector) Chennai(Institute Place)
Public sector enterprises has at least 51% government
share and are opened to public investment
at different degree of permission. Which special
status was offered to CPSEs in 2010?
the Maharatna CPSE not involved in energy sector?
India is having 3.34 million km of road network,
second largest in the world. About 65% of freight and
80% passenger traffic is carried by roads. What is
National Highways’ contribution to road traffic?
National Highway Authority of India (NHAI)
was constituted in 1988 and Golden
Quadrilateral (GQ), North-South and East-West Corridor.
Which major metropolitan cities are joined by GQ?
Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata
Golden Quadrilateral
(GQ) has two diagonal connectivity Delhi-Chennai
and Mumbai-Howrah Highway. Including diagonals GQ
length is 10122 km. What is the length of GQs?
Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) has port connectivity
highways that connects 12 major ports National Expressway Authority of
India (NEAI) is in the process of setting up in the line
of NHAI to maintain expressways. What is the total
length of expressway?
State Highways are roads linking important cities
and other centres in a state. Maharashtra has the largest
length followed by Gujarat.. Which authority is dedicated
for road construction in border areas?
Border Road Organisation (BRO)
NH-1 and NH-2 are collectively called Grand
Trunk Road.
Jawahar Tunnel is situated in the NH-
1A. The highest road way in India is Manali-Leh highway.
Golden Quadrilateral passes through 13 states.
Shortest national highway is NH-47A in Kerala. Which
is the longest national highway in India?
NH-7 (Varanasi to Kanyakumari)
Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor passes
through six states including Delhi, Rajasthan gets
highest length followed by Gujarat. This project also
incorporate mega industrial zones of about 200-250
km length. Which country assist India in this project?
. First railway line was
c’onstructed from Mumbai to Thane in April 16,1853.
7500 stations. When
railways were nationalised as one unit, Indian Railways?
Konkan Railways is run by a separate corporation
other than Indian Railways and four states,
Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala are involved
in the network but it does not passes through
Kerala. Name the terminals
of the Konkan Railways?
Mangalore to Roha
Country’s first sea-bridge was constructed in
2009 ecting Bandra to Warlie in Mumbai.
recently Chhnatrapati Sivaji Terminal in Mumbai has
been given world heritage status. Where a bullet train,
fastest train, is proposed to run in India?
Mumbai to Ahmedabad
North-South Corridor stretches from Srinagar to
Kanyakumari including Cochin to Salem and East-West
Corridor joint Silcahr to Porbandar. Where North-
South and East-West Corridors meet each other?
Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of
India (DFCCIL) is a special purpose vehicle introduced
in 2006 . Which country
funded this corridor?
. Delhi
Metro was India’s first modern metro started in 2002
and now six metros are operating in India, last one is
Ahmedabad Metro. Which is India’s first privately
owned and operated metro opened in 2013?
Sapid Metro Rail (Gurgaon)
AWhich organisation provides
helicopter services to North-Eastern hilly regions, remote
areas and oil sectors?
Pawan Hans
NH-1(National Highways) New Delhi-Amritsar(route)
NH-2(National Highways) Delhi-Kolkata(route)
NH-3(National Highways) Agra-Mumbai(route)
NH-4 (National Highways) Thane-Chennai(route)
NH-5 (National Highways) Kolkata-Chennai(route)
NH-6(National Highways) Kolkata-Delhi(route)
NH-7 (National Highways) Varanasi-Kanyakumari (Longest) (route)
NH-8 (National Highways) Delhi-Ahmedabad(route)
NH-9 (National Highways) Mumbai-Vijayawada(route)
NH-10 (National Highways) Delhi-Fazilka(route)
NH-15 (National Highways) Pathankot-Samakhiali(route)
NH-17(National Highways) Panvel-Edapally(route)
NH-22 (National Highways) Ambala-Shipkila(route)
NH-31 (National Highways) Barhi-Guwahati(route)
NH-37(National Highways) Panchratna-Saikhowaghat(route)
NH-47 (National Highways) A Kudanoor-Wellington Island (Smallest) (route)
Mountain Railways of India include Darjeeling Himalayan
Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Kalka-
Shimla Railway, Matherari Hill Railway and Kangra Valley
Railway. What is the speciality of these railways?
UNESCO Heritage Sites
Northern (Railway Zones) Delhi(Headquarter)
North-Eastern (Railway Zones) Gorakhpur(Headquarter)
North-East(Railway Zones) Frontier Maligaon (Guwahati) (Headquarter)
Eastern (Railway Zones) Kolkata(Headquarter)
South-Eastern (Railway Zones) Kolkata (Headquarter)
(Garden Reach)
South Central(Railway Zones)
Southern (Railway Zones) Chennai(Headquarter)
Central (Railway Zones) Mumbai(Headquarter)
Western (Railway Zones) Mumbai CST(Headquarter)
South-Western (Railway Zones) Hubli(Headquarter)
North-Western (Railway Zones) Jaipur(Headquarter)
West-Central (Railway Zones) Jabalpur(Headquarter)
North-Central(Railway Zones) Allahabad(Headquarter)
South-East Coast(Railway Zones) Bilaspur(Headquarter)
East Coast(Railway Zones) Bhubaneswar(Headquarter)
East-Central (Railway Zones) Hajipur(Headquarter)
Kolkata(Railway Zones) Metro Kolkata(Headquarter)
. Country has 13 major ports and 200 minor
ports. Petroleum, Oil and Lubricant (POL) has largest
share in cargo followed by container and iron-ore
and coal. Where is the recent Setusamudram Shipping
Canal Project is proposed to be constructed?
Across Palk Strait
Inland Waterways Authority of India has been constituted
in 1986 as a statutory body for maintaining
inland waterways. Now total six waterways in India.
Which is the sixth national waterway in India?
Lakhipur to Bhanga (Barak River)
India has 13 major ports and about 200 minor
ports. Largest port of India is Jawaharlal Nehru Port
in Mumbai and the largest natural port is in
Vishakhapatnam. Which is a major tidal port also called
Offspring of Partition?
Kandla Port
National Waterway-1 is the longest water way
on Ganga system from Haldia to Allahabad . NW-2 is on Brahmaputra river from Dhubri
to Sadiya. Udyogmandal Canal and
Champakara Canal jointly form a national waterway.
Name it.
NW-4 in East Coast on Godavari and Krishna
rivers including canals between Kakinada and
Puducherry. . National
Waterway-5 is on Brahamani and Mahanadi delta.
Which state is benefitted by this waterway?
Mundra port is a newly developed minor port in
Gujarat .Recently two more ports are proposed by central government to be set-up at Sagar island in West Bengal and Durga Rajapatnam in Vellore, Andhra Pradesh. Which is the busiest port in India?
Mumbai Port
In 2005, central government has proposeda major connectivity project to connect allmajor ports and 185 minor ports through GoldenQuadrilateral and Express Highways. What is thename of the project? Sagar Mala Project
Kojkata (East Coast Port) Oldest Port, reverine port
Paradip (East Coast Port) In Odisha, handles iron-ore
Chennai (East Coast Port) All weather port
Vishakhapatnam (East Coast Port) Natural port, Serves Bhilai
and Rourkela Steel Plant[
Tuticorin(East Coast Port)
Ennore(East Coast Port) First Corporatised Major
Port, Chennai
Haldia (East Coast Port) West Bengal, on Hughly river
Mumbai(West Coast Ports) Handle maximum traffic
Kandla (West Coast Ports) Tidal port
Marmagao (West Coast Ports) Naval base
New Mangalore (West Coast Ports) All weather port
Cochin(West Coast Ports) Major natural port in Wellingdon
Jawaharlal Nehru Port (West Coast Ports) Nhava Sheva Port (Sophisticated
modern port)
As per census 2011,
Which state has highest rural population?
Uttar Pradesh
Which state has highest urban
Maharashtra (13.5%)
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