Ethiopia

Length: 1819 words

Ethiopia
Introduction
It stands as one of the oldest nations of the world, dating back to 1000 BC when the Queen of Sheba visited King Solomon. Ethiopia was a nation with promise, a nation with riches and the greatest Ivory market as far as the eye can see. So one would assume that Ethiopia is the place to live. Well if you have been to Ethiopia you would see this is not the case. Ethiopia is a povershed country where people are fighting to live everyday. There economy is nearly in ruins and there main export, is almost stolen from them. But the promise that Ethiopia had when the Queen of Sheba visited King Solomon is still there. But in order to restore Ethiopia to its previous glory, we need your help. We need that $50 million to give life back to the Ethiopian people.


General Facts
Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Capital City: Addis Ababa
Independence Day: September 12
Total Area: 1,127,127 km^2
Land Area: 1,119,683 km^2
Water Area: 7,444 km^2
Population: 72,400,000
Languages: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)
Religion: Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, Animist 12%, Other 3%-8%
Life Expectancy: 37
Currency: Birr (As of January 26, 2005, 1

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birr = 0.14783 CAN, 1 CAN =6.764 birr)
GDP: 700 (per capita)
Labour Force by Occupation: agriculture and animal husbandry 80%; government and services 12%; industry and construction 8%
Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metals processing, cement
Imports: coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds
(Continued)
Exports: food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles

Graphs

Problems Today
Ethiopia has a very bad basic health status compared to other countries with a low income. The health service coverage is 50.4%. Almost one out of every ten babies who are born in Ethiopia dies in their first year. Mortality rate for those under five is also high; statistics show that one out of every six children dies before they turn five. Malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and HIV/AIDS dominate Ethiopia’s problem of disease. Diseases such as meningitis, malaria, cholera, measles, and shigellosis have become epidemic.


Economic Problems
There are more than 50 million people who still have the same daily life as their ancestors did. Over 50 million people completely depend on traditional agriculture. Ethiopian economy is had agriculture account for 51% of the GDP, 85% of total employment, and 85% of exports and more than 70% of total export earnings. During the same year, the service sector accounted for 24% of GDP while the industrial sector contributed about 11% of GDP, 15% of export earnings and less than 2% of the labour force. Trade and transport contribute 14% of GDP. In spite of recent achievements in economic growth, poverty remains a problem.


Climate
The current climatic trends have caused food availability to be very short countrywide. The lack of rain experienced in many areas has caused serious food shortage in several parts of the country. The impact of the rain on three important sources of food has particularly been severe.


The belg and Meher crops in a number of areas did not grow
Early maturing non-Belg crops, which are important sources of food before the Meher Harvest and the Meher rain also failed
Livestock condition in some of the pastoral areas has been affected incredibly
The severe drought in Ethiopia has caused their main economic source to be hit really hard. Many farmers and their families are dying of malnutrition.


Health Problems
Ethiopia has become a country plagued with famine and disease. Many people die every day because there is no money to treat them. Ethiopia has an extremely poor health status, even compared to poorer countries. The health service coverage is 50.4%. As we stated earlier, one out of ten babies don’t make it to their first birthday. And one out of six children doesn’t live to see their fifth birthday. Ethiopia’s total burden of disease as measured by early death from all causes is approximately 350 Discounted Life Years lost per 1000 population. HIV/Aids, nutrition deficiency and communicable diseases have now dominated Ethiopia.


Poor Food Distribution
All of the crop failures and the poor livestock have caused food shortages in almost all areas. The poor livestock has had a tremendous effect on the milk supply and has especially impacted the children. Now, because of the poor livestock, the price of grain has gone up, making it unaffordable for many. Because of all the factors that have caused this food shortage, the DPPC predicts that 6,000,000 people will become ill and die if nothing is done.


Current Assessment
Anemia is becoming a problem with children under five and pregnant mothers. Malnutrition is adding to this problem
Many people have migrated to the few places in Ethiopia where there is water. We expect a Malaria outbreak to occur in these places. Although there are no cases yet, health officials feel that there will be a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in the areas.

The water supply in almost all communities is contaminated
Although there are no cases yet, health officials believe there will be a measles epidemic
More recently, there have a huge number of cases of whooping cough (Pertusis)
There is also a very low amount of basic medical supplies
When UNICEF made there way into Ethiopia to distribute food, many people stayed back at home due to lack of strength
Malnutrition has become a very serious problem in many areas as many Ethiopians are completely dependant on their livestock
Carcasses have been scattered all over Ethiopia because of disease they carry. The livestock that are alive still have disease and they infect those who use the product
Ethiopia is not prepared for an emergency situation like the one they are in. Poor management of there resources has also been observed.


Comparing Ethiopia and Canada
TopicEthiopiaCanada
Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaCanada
Capital:Addis AbabaOttawa
Area (Thousands of km2):1,1049,985
Population (millions): 72.4 (2004)31.9 (2004)
Population density (per km2):64 (2004)3 (2004)
Urban population (%-2003):1680
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita):
US$90 (2003)US$23,930 (2003)
GNI purchasing power parity (PPP) (per capita):
US$710 (2003)US$29,740 (2003)
Structure of GDP (%-2003):
Agriculture
Industry
Services42
11
472
32
66
Ecological footprint (global hectares per person-2001):0.76.4
Human development index (HDI) ranking:
170th of 177 countries (2002)4th (2002)
Gender-related development index (GDI) ranking:
137th of 144 countries (2002)4th (2002)
Life expectancy at birth:37 (1960), 46 (2003)71 (1960), 79 (2003)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000):269 (1960), 169 (2003)33 (1960), 6 (2003)
Adult literacy rate (% 2000-2004):
Total
Men
Women 41
49
3499
99
99
Population using improved drinking water sources (%-2002):
Total
Urban
Rural 22
81
11100
100
99
Courtesy of http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/cidaweb/webcountry.nsf/VLUDocEn/Ethiopia-Factsataglance
(Focus on highlighted)
Ethiopia in the News
Project enabling Ethiopia export electric power to Djibouti well underway
Addis Ababa, 1/27/2005
The Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo) has announced that implementation of a project supplying electric power to Djibouti from Ethiopia was being speeded up.


EEPCo General Manager Mihret Debebe made the announcement here at the opening on Thursday of a meeting held to discuss an electric power transfer draft agreement between pertinent bodies of Ethiopia and Djibouti.


The project launched following the signing of the agreement in 2001 provides for the installation of a 283-km electric line from Dire Dawa to Djibouti.


The African Development Bank has already approved a 60 million Dollars loan required for the realization of the project, Mihret said. The loan is to be repaid in a long period of time with small interest by both the beneficiaries. With the project Ethiopia will be exporting electric power to Djibouti.


The project is believed to enable urban and rural border areas in the two countries to get electric power supply. Physical work of the project will be implemented until 2002 E.C.
Ethiopia will be receiving upto 33 million Dollars annually from the export upon completion of the project, Mihret said.


The project can be expanded beyond Ethiopia and Djibout to include the countries in the region and even reaching farther to Northern African countries, General Manager of Djibouti Electric Company Jama Ali Guelleh said on the occasion.


Such a project will be significant in strengthening ties between nations, he said.


Courtesy of http://www.ena.gov.et/default.asp?CatId=2&NewsId=161700
Solutions
Health
To dive emergency medical supplies
To build shelters for treatment whenever it is needed
To monitor all of the current problems and ones that arise
To implement Measles immunization campaign for those under five years
Of age and conduct assessment on under 10 and 15 years.


Nutrition
To cut down on malnutrition for children under the age of five
To make sure that everyone receives enough vitamin A
Water and Hygiene
Firstly, to properly dispose of carcasses
We must control the water supply and distribute it
We also need to teach the people about clean water and the consequences of water if it isn’t clean
Costs for Emergency Medical Supply Kits
RegionApprox. Pop. Affect.# Kits NeededCost (ETB)
Tigray949,000954,155,067
Afar767,000773,367,791
Amhara1,588,0001586,910,533
Oromiya1,039,0001044,548,705
Somali687,000693,017,891
Benishangul9,000143,737
SNNPR910,000913,980,117
Gambela28,0003131,212
Dire Dawa10,000143,737
Harari13,000143,737
TOTAL6,000,00060026,242,527
One kit costs 43,737 ETB or CAN $6,465
One kit is good for 10,000 people for three months.

Total: $3,879,000
Costs for Immunization
Age Group: 0-14 years
73,000,000 * 0.45 = 32,850,000
Vaccine requirement = 1.25 doses
32,850,000*1.25 = 41,062,500 doses / 10 does per vial = 4,106,250 vials
Number of posts = 32,850,000/ 600 = 54, 750 posts
Number of personnel = 54,750 * 4= 219,000
Following is in CAN
One immunization is $.50 *32,850,000=$16,425,000
Personnel cost for first immunization is $40 for one health worker*219,000=$8,760,000
Training costs for one person is $20*219000=4,380,000
Total: 29,565,000
Total Health Cost Including Medical Kits
$33,444,000
Economic Costs
ActivityCost (CAN)
Public Toilet Construction500,000
Waste Disposal Site250,000
Carcass Disposal10,000
Construction Tools50,000
Body and Clothes soaps for workers25,000
Disinfectants200,000
Hygiene Education200,000
Sleeping Bags for Workers10,000
Tents for Workers20,000
Water Quality Control and Monitoring5,000,000
Total6,265,000
Canada must create industries in Ethiopia. They are largely in debt and they need an industrial revolution. They are completely dependant on agriculture and they have very little industries. Their government spends more money on Defence than health care, education and industries combined. We need to step in and spend $10 million dollars on industry alone. We need to create jobs for the Ethiopian people. That way health and education will automatically increase.

Peacemaking Costs
With the remaining $300,000 dollars, we need to send peacemakers to Ethiopia and settle the dispute over the Eritrea territory. There is so much money wasted by the Ethiopian government towards the military that could be used to help the Ethiopian people.


Conclusion
As you may now realize, Ethiopia is almost a country in ruins. It is plagued with disease and war. No matter what the government does it still seems to get worse and the government still seems to be in billions of dollars in debt. But if you accept my proposal, you will see Ethiopia get back to its former economic glory. Once again, it will produce riches; the people of Ethiopia will get cleaner water and a job. Not a job on there farm where crops are ruined, but a job in industry. They will be trained. They will come out of debt. And in time, all the money that is owed to Canada will be repaid. This isn’t just a plan to help a country for a few months. This is a revolution. This plan will pave the way for all third world countries to come out of debt and give back to their people, what the people gave to there country. Countries will give life back to the people. So accept our proposal, it will help everyone in need.

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